William STERLAND , 1834–1868 (aged 33 years)
He and his wife Elizabeth and their son John departed on the "Royal Dane".
Arrived on board the "Royal Dane" with Elizabeth and son John.
Richard Sterland notes: "Because William disappeared never to be seen again, we can only estimate his death date.
I have a couple of other sources which say he died about 1868. This date is also written in the Thomas Arthur Sterland (William's son) family bible, an historical article on the Sterlands in the NSW Rechabite paper (dated September 1999) says 1868, and I have a Sterland researcher in England who also had William as dying about 1868 when I first made contact with him. It's possible he died anytime around 1868-1870 but 1868 is the date generally accepted by every Sterland researcher I've had contact with."
Richard Sterland notes:
"It is said in my family that William found the Australian climate too hot after coming from England and his pioneer spirit led him to sail to New Zealand abt 1868 where he planned to make a home for his family in a country with a climate more like that of England. He never returned and was believed lost in the Maori uprising (New Zealand wars). Numerous attempts to locate his death in New Zealand have drawn a blank. It's possible that if he did get caught up in the maori wars and was killed, he could have been buried where he was killed in an unmarked grave, as no record of his death is in any place that can be found in New Zealand."
In a further email Richard Sterland notes:
"Hi Stuart, William and Elizabeth came to Australia aboard a ship called the Royal Dane in 1865. They left the docks of England April 1865 and anchored off Keppel Bay near Rockhampton Queensland July 1865. There is no official immigrant record anywhere of them arriving in Australia; I only found proof they were on that ship by visiting the Rockhampton library early last year and found an article in the Rockhampton Bulletin newspaper (it said William and family came out from England on the Royal Dane and he gave a speech to the other passengers on arrival about abstaining from alcohol). A number of people have tried to locate the passenger list for the Royal Dane, but it still hasn't been located yet. A university professor living in Armidale (who is a descendant of one of the passengers) has been trying to find the passenger list for over 35 years and still no luck. In an article I found on the internet a few years ago regarding the Royal Dane; there are a few 1st and 2nd class passenger names but a lot of the passengers were steerage, and their names are not listed. It was alleged that the ships doctor was drunk during the voyage and 32 people died of measles and other illnesses. The ships captain and doctor were brought up on charges of neglect and misconduct and there was an official enquiry afterwards, and the ship was quarantined on arrival. Because of the scandal involved, (according to the professor in Armidale) the ships passenger list and other relevant documents were said to have been sent back to the Admiralty in England and were lost in transit (possibly thrown overboard) and never arrived. Because William disappeared never to be seen again, we can only estimate his death date. Some time after Thomas Arthur was born in Rockhampton (26 Nov 1865) the family worked their way south to Denman NSW (upper Hunter Valley) and worked on a station property. A couple of years later they moved to Newcastle and gave birth to Emma Sophia on 24 May 1868. I have a couple of other sources which say he died about 1868. This date is also written in the Thomas Arthur Sterland (William's son) family bible, an historical article on the Sterlands in the NSW Rechabite paper (dated September 1999) says 1868, and I have a Sterland researcher in England who also had William as dying about 1868 when I first made contact with him. It's possible he died anytime around 1868-1870 but 1868 is the date generally accepted by every Sterland researcher I've had contact with. Elizabeth remarried a Samuel Harris on 24 Aug 1870 in Newcastle some time after William never returned.
In the 1851 England census William (then aged 16) was away from home on the night of March 30 and he is listed as an assistant to the head of another family and his occupation was a hosiers shopman. His mother Mary Ann Sterland (nee Hartley) a widow aged 49 years, was at home with her other children and was the head of the household by now; her husband Thomas died about 1836.
Elizabeth Sterland (nee Killingley) was baptised 31 August 1834 in Nottingham, England and died (Elizabeth Harris) 24 May 1901 at Balmain, Sydney NSW. The following information is an extract from the Thomas Arthur Sterland family bible......After William disappeared, Elizabeth was stranded in Newcastle and had to raise 4 young children alone. Due to their financial situation, the two eldest boys Alpheus or Edward Alpheus and John William, could not continue their education and became errand boys in a printing firm delivering the early Newcastle newspaper. Later John William seved his time in the shoe-making trade and owned his own business in Newcastle at the age of 16 years. Later the family moved to Balmain where John William did an apprenticeship in the plumbing and gas-fitting trade and the story continues.