Mid North Coast Pioneers - Newcastle to Lismore and beyond

Magnus Manson CROMARTY JPAge: 77 years18291906

Name
Magnus Manson CROMARTY JP
Given names
Magnus Manson
Surname
CROMARTY
Name suffix
JP
Birth February 28, 1829 40 38
Address: "Ronaldsha"
Citation details: V1829 10603 1C & V1829 723 15
Text:

I suspect these two references relate to the same birth:

V182910603 1C/1829 CROMARTY AGNES M WILLIAM - V1829723 15/1829 CROMARTY MAGNES M WILLIAM CECILIA

Birth of a sisterCecilia CROMARTY
January 8, 1831 (Age 22 months)
Citation details: V1831727 15/1831 CROMARTY CECILIA WILLIAM CECILIA --
Text:

See also this reference in NSW Births Index:

V183110605 1C/1831 CROMARTY OCILIA WILLIAM OCILIA

Baptism June 29, 1831 (Age 2 years)
Citation details: Christ Church Baptism Register
Date of entry in original source: June 29, 1831
Baptism of a sisterCecilia CROMARTY
July 27, 1831 (Age 2 years)
Citation details: Christ Church Baptism Register
Marriage of a siblingThomas PECKElizabeth CROMARTYView this family
Type: Religious marriage
October 8, 1833 (Age 4 years)
Address: Church of England
Citation details: V1833302 17/1833 PECK THOMAS CROMARTY ELIZABETH CH
Death of a brotherWilliam CROMARTY
September 1, 1838 (Age 9 years)
Cause: Drowning
Publication: New South Wales Government
Citation details: V18383418 22/1838 CROMARTY WILLIAM AGE 16
Citation details: 9 January 1975
Text:

ISSUED TO DETER CONVICTS

Silent cannon of Soldiers Point

When Captain William Cromarty, a former ship's captain, was granted 300 acres of land at Port Stephens about 1828 he was also issued with a small cannon.

The muzzle loading cannon was intended as a protection against escaped convicts who might find their way to the captain's property, where he lived with his wife Cecilia and their children.

But the cannon was never used against the convicts.

Instead, when escapees found their way to the area, then called Ronaldsha, and later to become Soldiers Point, Mrs Cromarty, who conducted a small general store gave them food and help.

When the Cromartys settled on their grant of land they called it Ronaldsha after a part of their homeland in Orkney, Scotland.

A NSW census taken in 1828 gives particulars of the Cromartys [sic] family.

William Cromarty, 40, a Protestant, of Port Stephens, had 300 acres of land, 10 of which werre cleared and six cultivated. He also had 23 horned cattle.

He came as a free settler on the ship Fame in 1822, the census says.

William Cromarty was Captain of the Fame, which was owned by Simeon Lord.

The Fame used to carry grain, and livestock such as cattle and sheep, between Port Jackson (Sydney) and Port Dalrymple (Launceston, Tasmania).

Captain Cromarty arrived in Australia two years before his wife and children joined him.

Records show that Cecilia arrived on the Phoenix, a free settler, with her daughter Elizabeth and son William, in 1824.

Another child, Nelly, is believed to have died on the voyage to Australia.

The 1828 census shows Cecilia as 38, Elizabeth 13 and William 7, and a daughter, Mary, 2½, born in the colony.

Later the Cromartys had another son, Magnus, and a daughter Cecilia.

A great grand-daughter of Captain Cromarty, Miss Elizabeth Cromarty, of Nelson Bay, told the story of the cannon which is in the Port Stephens Historical Society's museum.

She said the cannon was intended to be a deterrent to any escaping convicts who came to the area of Ronaldsha.

It was never used for that purpose.

"Convicts at times appeared at the point but were treated to food and given supplies and helped on their way," Miss Cromarty said.

"Maybe that was why soldiers were stationed on the point - to find out what was going on.

"It was after the soldiers were brought to the point that the area was called Soldiers Point," she said.

Miss Cromarty said that about 40 years ago, the cannon was loaded and fired at the Cromarty homestead at Bob's Farm, to celebrate the 21st birthday of Bill Cromarty, great grandson of Captain William Cromarty.

Life appears to have gone well with the pioneering captain and his family until 1838, when tragedy struck.

Captain Cromarty and his son William were drowned while recovering a boat from the surf.

An interesting inscription can be found on Captain Cromarty's headstone at Carrington, Port Stephens, which tells the story of the untimely deaths.

It reads: "Here lie buried such remains as were found of the bodies of Capt William Cromarty, aged 50 years and William, his son, aged 16 years, who having left their homes on the morning of September the 1st, 1838, accompanied by an assigned man servant and an aboriginal native, for the purpose of recovering the boat which had been cast ashore at the heads, were no more seen, having perished, it is supposed, in launching it through the surf."

At the bottom of the inscription is a warning which reads.-

"Reader: Let this admonish thee of the uncertainty of the present life; and may God's Holy Spirit teach thee so to live that death may never find thee unprepared!"

The men in Captain cvomarty's [sic] family in Orkney must have been seagoing men.

A copy of a passenger's ticket on the ship James Pattison, which left London for Sydney in 1838, shows that James Cromarty was Commander. It is believed he was the brother of William Cromarty.

The James Pattison is describede as a first class river-built ship of 513 tons burthen register.

The ticket say: "The accommodations of this ship for passengers are very superior. She has a roomy poop and extensive cabins of large dimensions and he 'tween decks, being lofty and well ventilated, afford superior comfort for steerage passengersand a skilful surgeon will proceed with the ship."

The original ticketwas in the possession of a well-known Port Stephens family until about 1924, when it was lost.

Death of a fatherCaptain William CROMARTY
September 1, 1838 (Age 9 years)
Cause: Drowning
Publication: New South Wales Government
Citation details: V18383420 22/1838 CROMARTY WILLIAM AGE 54
Citation details: 9 January 1975
Note: Apparently drowned with his son, William, while trying to recover a boat that had been beached at the heads of Port Stephens.
Silent cannon of Soldiers Point
Silent cannon of Soldiers Point

Note: Image supplied by Maree Payne.

Burial of a fatherCaptain William CROMARTY
after September 1, 1838 (Age 9 years)
Cemetery: Carrington General
Citation details: 9 January 1975
Cromarty - William (Father and son) and others
Cromarty - William (Father and son) and others

Note: Image kindly made available by the volunteers at Australian Cemeteries Index.


Cromarty - Captain William
Cromarty - Captain William

Note: Image kindly made available by the volunteers at Australian Cemeteries Index.

Marriage of a siblingJames Alfred BANKSCecilia CROMARTYView this family
June 16, 1857 (Age 28 years)
Citation details: 2567/1857 BANKS JAMES ALFRED CROMARTY CECILIA RAYMOND TERRACE
Religious marriageChristina E McINTOSHView this family
February 16, 1859 (Age 29 years)
Citation details: 2833/1859 CROMARTY MAGNUS MCINTOSH CHRISTIANA RAYMOND TERRACE
Citation details: St Johns Raymond Terrace Marriage Register
Date of entry in original source: February 16, 1859
Birth of a son
#1
William CROMARTY
November 23, 1859 (Age 30 years)
Citation details: 12048/1859 CROMARTY WILLIAM MAGNUS CHRISTINA RAYMOND TERRACE
Citation details: Roddy Cardow Family Tree
Birth of a daughter
#2
Margaret CROMARTY
June 17, 1861 (Age 32 years)
Citation details: 12298/1861 CROMARTY MARGARET MAGNUS CHRISTINA RAYMOND TERRACE
Citation details: Roddy Cardows Family Tree
Death of a motherCecilia “Sissey” BROWN
April 15, 1862 (Age 33 years)
Note: Buried at Nelson Bay, at a place called Johnny's Well. It is the only grave at this location. Please refer to notes on the Cromarty family as to why this grave was located here.
Birth of a daughter
#3
Cecilia CROMARTY
July 29, 1862 (Age 33 years)
Address: Bobs Farm
Citation details: 12960/1862 CROMARTY CECILIA MAGNUS CHRISTINA RAYMOND TERRACE
Citation details: Roddy Cardow Family Tree
Birth of a son
#4
Magnus CROMARTY
June 26, 1863 (Age 34 years)
Citation details: 13009/1863 CROMARTY MAGNUS MAGNUS CHRISTINA RAYMOND TERRACE
Citation details: Roddy Cardow Family Tree
Birth of a daughter
#5
Ann CROMARTY
August 7, 1865 (Age 36 years)
Citation details: 14493/1865 CROMARTY ANN MAGNUS CHRISTINA RAYMOND TERRACE
Citation details: Roddy Cardow Family Tree
Birth of a daughter
#6
Christina CROMARTY
July 8, 1867 (Age 38 years)
Citation details: Web site update 23 Apr 2007
Quality of data: primary evidence
Citation details: 15438/1867 CROMARTY CHRISTINA MAGNUS CHRISTINA RAYMOND TERRACE
Birth of a son
#7
John CROMARTY
January 22, 1869 (Age 39 years)
Citation details: 17310/1869 CROMARTY JOHN MAGNUS CHRISTINA RAYMOND TERRACE
Citation details: Roddy Cardow Family Tree
Birth of a son
#8
James CROMARTY
September 28, 1870 (Age 41 years)
Address: "Oakfield"
Citation details: 16325/1870 CROMARTY JAMES MAGNUS CHRISTINA RAYMOND TERRACE
Citation details: Roddy Cardow Family Tree
Birth of a daughter
#9
Mary CROMARTY
August 15, 1872 (Age 43 years)
Address: "Oakfield"
Citation details: 16750/1872 CROMARTY MARY MAGNUS CHRISTINA RAYMOND TERRACE
Citation details: Roddy Cardow Family Tree
Death of a daughterMary CROMARTY
August 18, 1872 (Age 43 years)
Address: "Oakfield"
Publication: New South Wales Government
Citation details: 6321/1872 CROMARTY MARY MAGNUS CHRISTINA RAYMOND TERRACE
Citation details: Roddy Cardow Family Tree
Birth of a son
#10
Neil CROMARTY
September 28, 1873 (Age 44 years)
Citation details: 17747/1873 CROMARLY NEAL MAGNUS CHRISTINA RAYMOND TERRACE
Citation details: Roddy Cardow Family Tree
Death of a sonMagnus CROMARTY
December 18, 1874 (Age 45 years)
Publication: New South Wales Government
Citation details: 6781/1874 CROMARTY MAGNUS MAGNUS CHRISTINA NEWCASTLE
Citation details: Roddy Cardow Family Tree
Birth of a son
#11
Magnus CROMARTY
August 14, 1875 (Age 46 years)
Citation details: 18693/1875 CROMARTY MAGNUS MAGNUS CHRISTINA RAYMOND TERRACE
Citation details: Roddy Cardow Family Tree
Birth of a son
#12
Donald CROMARTY
March 3, 1878 (Age 49 years)
Citation details: 21050/1878 CROMARTY DONALD MAGNUS CHRISTINA RAYMOND TERRACE
Citation details: Roddy Cardow Family Tree
Birth of a daughter
#13
Elizabeth CROMARTY
March 17, 1880 (Age 51 years)
Address: "Kilcoy"
Citation details: 23223/1880 CROMARTY ELIZABETH MAGNUS CHRISTINA RAYMOND TERRACE
Citation details: Roddy Cardow Family Tree
Birth of a daughter
#14
Effie CROMARTY
October 19, 1882 (Age 53 years)
Citation details: 16523/1882 CROMARTY EFFIE MAGNUS CHRISTINA RAYMOND TERRACE
Citation details: Roddy Cardow Family Tree
Marriage of a childPeter CAMPBELLMargaret CROMARTYView this family
December 9, 1885 (Age 56 years)
Birth of a grandson
#1
Archibald CAMPBELL
about 1886 (Age 56 years)
Citation details: 21182/1886 CAMPBELL ARCHBIALD PETER MARGARET RAYMOND TERRACE
Death of a sisterElizabeth CROMARTY
July 1, 1886 (Age 57 years)
Address: Patricks Plains,
Birth of a grandson
#2
Magnus CAMPBELL
about 1887 (Age 57 years)
Citation details: 21691/1887 CAMPBELL MAGNUS PETER MARGARET RAYMOND TERRACE
Marriage of a childGeorge Henry SANDERSCecilia CROMARTYView this family
about 1887 (Age 57 years)
Citation details: 6431/1887 SANDERS GEORGE H CROMARTY CECILIA NEWCASTLE
Birth of a granddaughter
#3
Flora CAMPBELL
about 1889 (Age 59 years)
Citation details: 21123/1889 CAMPBELL FLORA PETER MARGARET RAYMOND TERRACE
Death of a granddaughterFlora CAMPBELL
about 1890 (Age 60 years)
Publication: New South Wales Government
Citation details: 11162/1890 CAMPBELL FLORA PETER MARGARET RAYMOND TERRACE
Birth of a granddaughter
#4
Flora CAMPBELL
about 1891 (Age 61 years)
Citation details: 29934/1891 CAMPBELL FLORA PETER MARGARET RAYMOND TERRACE
Birth of a grandson
#5
George SANDERS
about 1892 (Age 62 years)
Citation details: 24875/1892 SANDERS GEORGE GEORGE CECILIA NEWCASTLE
Marriage of a childGeorge ROBINSONAnn CROMARTYView this family
about 1892 (Age 62 years)
Citation details: Roddy Cardow Family Tree
Citation details: 5542/1892 ROBINSON GEORGE CROMARTY ANN NEWCASTLE
Marriage of a childLevi MORRISChristina CROMARTYView this family
June 8, 1892 (Age 63 years)
Citation details: Web site update 23 Apr 2007
Text:

The house of Donald McQueen.

Quality of data: primary evidence
Citation details: 6528/1892 MORRIS SEVI CROMARTY CHRISTINA RAYMOND TERRACE
Text:

The spelling of "Sevi" is noted.

Citation details: Roddy Cardow Family Tree
Birth of a granddaughter
#6
Mary CAMPBELL
about 1893 (Age 63 years)
Citation details: 30641/1893 CAMPBELL MARY PETER MARGARET RAYMOND TERRACE
Birth of a grandson
#7
Joseph ROBINSON
about 1893 (Age 63 years)
Citation details: 30656/1893 ROBINSON JOSEPH GEORGE ANN RAYMOND TERRACE
Birth of a grandson
#8
George Levi MORRIS
June 5, 1893 (Age 64 years)
Citation details: 25400/1893 MORRIS GEORGE LEVI CHRISTINA NEWCASTLE
Quality of data: secondary evidence
Birth of a granddaughter
#9
Cecilia MORRIS
about 1894 (Age 64 years)
Citation details: 35138/1894 MORRIS CECILIA LEVI CHRISTINA WARATAH
Birth of a grandson
#10
Magnus ROBINSON
about 1895 (Age 65 years)
Citation details: 6861/1895 ROBINSON MAGNUS GEORGE ANN RAYMOND TERRACE
Birth of a granddaughter
#11
Mary Christina MORRIS
September 29, 1897 (Age 68 years)
Citation details: 36372/1897 MORRIS MARY C LEVI CHRISTINA WARATAH
Birth of a grandson
#12
George Archie ROBINSON
about 1898 (Age 68 years)
Citation details: 6533/1898 ROBINSON GEORGE A GEORGE ANN RAYMOND TERRACE
Marriage of a childJohn CROMARTYMary Bain JOHNSTONView this family
Type: Religious marriage
January 6, 1900 (Age 70 years)
Address: The Presbyterian Manse
Citation details: 1769/1900 CROMARTY JOHN JOHNSTON MARY B NEWTOWN
Publication: Daily newspaper centred in Sydney
Citation details: 8 January 1900, page 1.
Cromarty - Johnston - Marriage Notice
Cromarty - Johnston - Marriage Notice

Note: Downloaded from Trove.

Note: Married by the Rev. T. W. Dunn, M.A.
Birth of a grandson
#13
Magnus CROMARTY
April 17, 1901 (Age 72 years)
Citation details: 16216/1901 CROMARTY MAGNUS JOHN MARY B RAYMOND TERRACE
Citation details: Amos family tree
Birth of a granddaughter
#14
Christina Mary Cecilia CROMARTY
September 27, 1902 (Age 73 years)
Citation details: 35256/1902 CROMARTY CHRISTINA M C JOHN MARY B RAYMOND TERRACE
Citation details: Amos family tree
Birth of a granddaughter
#15
Effie Elizabeth MORRIS
1903 (Age 73 years)
Citation details: 35216/1903 MORRIS EFFIE E LEVI CHRISTINA WARATAH
Note: Dates and places taken from Family History of Morris Family printed in 1985 which Effie helped produce. Unfortunately this book only gives Names and year for events.
Marriage of a childDonald CROMARTYMargaret Jane McKINNONView this family
about 1903 (Age 73 years)
Citation details: 7066/1903 CROMARTY DONALD MCKINNON MARGARET J WARATAH
Birth of a granddaughter
#16
Margaret Cecilia CROMARTY
about 1904 (Age 74 years)
Citation details: 36078/1904 CROMARTY MARGARET C DONALD MARGARET J RAYMOND TERRACE
Marriage of a childJames CROMARTYCatherine J McDONALDView this family
about 1906 (Age 76 years)
Citation details: 10469/1906 CROMARTY JAMES MCDONALD CATHERINE J MORPETH
Death August 11, 1906 (Age 77 years)
Address: Anna Bay
Cause of death: Heart Disease
Citation details: 10285/1906 CROMARTY MAGNUS JAMES CECILIA RAYMOND TERRACE
Quality of data: primary evidence
Publication: Newspaper
Citation details: Obituary
Date of entry in original source: August 17, 1906
Text:

CROMARTY: One of the oldest residents of Anna Bay, in the person of the late Mr. Magnus Cromarty, died on Saturday last, after a brief illness of only a few days, from heart troubles. Mr. Cromarty was a Scotchman and noted for his hospitality and kindly feeling towards his neighbours and their regard for him was noted on Sunday when from all around the district they attended in large numbers to pay their last tribute and regard by following the remains to the cemetery. Deceased leaves a widow and large family, all grown to man and womanhood - Messrs. William, Neil, James, Donald & Magnus being sons of the deceased gentleman. Mrs P Campbell, of Kilcoy, is one of the daughters. Mr. Cromarty was 77 years old. Services were conducted at the house and at the grave by the Rev. W N. Wilson and in which the latter was asisted by the Rev. W. Wall. Special reference will be make to the deceased gentleman at the local service of the Free Presbyterian Church. We extend our sypathy to the bereaved family.

Burial August 12, 1906 (1 day after death)
Cemetery: Birubi Point
Citation details: 8 Jul 2007
Cromarty - Magnus
Cromarty - Magnus

Note: Image kindly made available by the volunteers at Australian Cemeteries Index.


Cromarty - Magnus
Cromarty - Magnus

Note: Image kindly made available by the volunteers at Australian Cemeteries Index.

Family with parents - View this family
father
mother
Marriage: November 26, 1815South Ronaldsay, Orkney, Scotland, United Kingdom
10 months
elder sister
Elizabeth CROMARTY
Birth: September 20, 1816 27 25St Margarets Hope, Orkney, Scotland, United Kingdom
Death: July 1, 1886Launceston, , Tasmania, Australia
3 years
elder sister
Nelly CROMARTY
Birth: March 28, 1819 30 28St Margarets Hope, Orkney, Scotland, United Kingdom
Death: before 1824At sea
5 years
elder brother
William CROMARTY
Birth: about 1823 34 31Orkney, Scotland, United Kingdom
Death: September 1, 1838Port Stephens, , New South Wales, Australia
3 years
elder sister
3 years
himself
22 months
younger sister
Family with Christina E McINTOSH - View this family
himself
wife
Marriage: February 16, 1859Raymond Terrace, , New South Wales, Australia
9 months
son
William CROMARTY
Birth: November 23, 1859 30 20Raymond Terrace, , New South Wales, Australia
Death: October 29, 1915Newcastle, , New South Wales, Australia
19 months
daughter
13 months
daughter
Cecilia CROMARTY
Birth: July 29, 1862 33 23Raymond Terrace, , New South Wales, Australia
Death: June 21, 1945Hamilton, , New South Wales, Australia
11 months
son
Magnus CROMARTY
Birth: June 26, 1863 34 24Bobs Farm, , New South Wales, Australia
Death: December 18, 1874Bobs Farm, , New South Wales, Australia
2 years
daughter
23 months
daughter
19 months
son
20 months
son
James CROMARTY
Birth: September 28, 1870 41 31Tomago, , New South Wales, Australia
Death: September 30, 1949Raymond Terrace, , New South Wales, Australia
23 months
daughter
Mary CROMARTY
Birth: August 15, 1872 43 33Tomago, , New South Wales, Australia
Death: August 18, 1872Tomago, , New South Wales, Australia
13 months
son
Neil CROMARTY
Birth: September 28, 1873 44 34Bobs Farm, , New South Wales, Australia
Death: September 18, 1958Birubi Point, , New South Wales, Australia
23 months
son
Magnus CROMARTY
Birth: August 14, 1875 46 36Bobs Farm, , New South Wales, Australia
Death: August 31, 1925Merewether, , New South Wales, Australia
3 years
son
2 years
daughter
Elizabeth CROMARTY
Birth: March 17, 1880 51 41Tomago, , New South Wales, Australia
Death: August 23, 1947Newcastle, , New South Wales, Australia
3 years
daughter
Effie CROMARTY
Birth: October 19, 1882 53 43Raymond Terrace, , New South Wales, Australia
Death: October 14, 1977New South Wales, Australia

BirthC - Births Registered in New South Wales
Citation details: V1829 10603 1C & V1829 723 15
Text:

I suspect these two references relate to the same birth:

V182910603 1C/1829 CROMARTY AGNES M WILLIAM - V1829723 15/1829 CROMARTY MAGNES M WILLIAM CECILIA

BaptismAnglican Records
Citation details: Christ Church Baptism Register
Date of entry in original source: June 29, 1831
MarriageC - Marriages Registered in New South Wales
Citation details: 2833/1859 CROMARTY MAGNUS MCINTOSH CHRISTIANA RAYMOND TERRACE
MarriageAnglican Records
Citation details: St Johns Raymond Terrace Marriage Register
Date of entry in original source: February 16, 1859
DeathC - Deaths Registered in New South Wales
Citation details: 10285/1906 CROMARTY MAGNUS JAMES CECILIA RAYMOND TERRACE
Quality of data: primary evidence
DeathNewspaper - Raymond Terrace Examiner
Publication: Newspaper
Citation details: Obituary
Date of entry in original source: August 17, 1906
Text:

CROMARTY: One of the oldest residents of Anna Bay, in the person of the late Mr. Magnus Cromarty, died on Saturday last, after a brief illness of only a few days, from heart troubles. Mr. Cromarty was a Scotchman and noted for his hospitality and kindly feeling towards his neighbours and their regard for him was noted on Sunday when from all around the district they attended in large numbers to pay their last tribute and regard by following the remains to the cemetery. Deceased leaves a widow and large family, all grown to man and womanhood - Messrs. William, Neil, James, Donald & Magnus being sons of the deceased gentleman. Mrs P Campbell, of Kilcoy, is one of the daughters. Mr. Cromarty was 77 years old. Services were conducted at the house and at the grave by the Rev. W N. Wilson and in which the latter was asisted by the Rev. W. Wall. Special reference will be make to the deceased gentleman at the local service of the Free Presbyterian Church. We extend our sypathy to the bereaved family.

BurialPayne Family - Web Page Update
Citation details: 8 Jul 2007
BurialAustralian Cemeteries Index