Mid North Coast Pioneers - Newcastle to Lismore and beyond

Martin August TRIKOJUS1911

Name
Martin August TRIKOJUS
Given names
Martin August
Surname
TRIKOJUS
Birthyes

Marriage of parentsMartin August TRIKOJUSLucy R JIFFKINSView this family
about 1887
Citation details: 507/1887 TRIKOJUS MARTIN A JIFFKINS LUCY R SYDNEY
Birth of a sisterMargaret TRIKOJUS
about 1888
Citation details: 3745/1888 TRIKOJUS MARGARET AUGUST LUCY SYDNEY
Death of a sisterBertha TRIKOJUS
about 1892
Citation details: 1334/1892 TRIKOJUS BERTHA MARTIN A LUCY R SYDNEY
MarriageCharlotte DREWView this family
July 11, 1901
Citation details: 5444/1901 TRIKOJUS MARTIN A THOMPSON CHARLOTTE J SYDNEY
Citation details: 10 June 2014
Text:

In part:

"She stated her age as 21 on the first certificate which ties in with a marriage date of 11 July 1901"

Birth of a son
#1
Dr. Victor Martin “Trik” TRIKOJUS CBE B.Sc D.Sc Ph.D
February 5, 1902
Citation details: 520/1902 TRIKOJUS VICTOR M MARTIN A CHARLOTTE J SYDNEY
Publication: Web Site
Text:

Trikojus, Victor Martin (Trik) (1902–1985)

by L. R. Humphreys

This article was published in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 18, (MUP), 2012

Victor Martin Trikojus (1902-1985), professor of biochemistry, was born on 5 February 1902 at Darlinghurst, Sydney, eldest child of Martin August Trikojus, a hairdresser from East Prussia, and his New South Wales-born wife, Charlotte Josephine, née Thompson. Following his father’s death in 1911, Victor helped family finances by selling newspapers on Milsons Point railway station. He was captain (1920) of Sydney Technical High School before studying at the University of Sydney (B.Sc., 1925; D.Sc., 1956) and gaining first-class honours in organic chemistry. An 1851 Exhibition scholarship took him to Queen’s College, University of Oxford (D.Phil., 1934). He spent nine months in Munich in 1927 working on the structure and synthesis of alkaloids with Professor Heinrich Wieland before returning to a lectureship (1928) in Sydney.

Trik—as he was generally known—had a striking appearance. Tall and athletic, he possessed a physical and intellectual vigour that was matched by a forceful personality and direct form of address. Music, theatre, books and a love of sport sustained his enjoyment of life. On 11 November 1932 at the office of the registrar general, Sydney, he married Russian-born Lisuscha (Elizabeth) Annie Engels (d.1984). Appointed lecturer (1934) in medical organic chemistry in the medical faculty, Trikojus began developing an interest in thyroid metabolism leading to publications with Charles Lambie and Arnold Loeser. He worked with the latter while on sabbatical leave at the University of Freiburg, Germany, in 1936.

Back in Sydney, from 1940 Trikojus chaired the drugs sub-committee established by the Australian Association of Scientific Workers to ensure Australia had access to essential pharmaceuticals during World War II. The professional resentment of Dr Adolph Bolliger and the excessive patriotism of Professor Victor Bailey prompted them to denounce Trikojus, who had publicly praised Germany’s economic recovery and, in correspondence with German scientists, implied sympathy with some of their government’s goals. On 17 January 1941 he was incarcerated under National Security Regulations. Hearing his appeal, an advisory committee noted that many witnesses supported him as ‘a man of high ideals as regards scientific research and public duty’ and ‘a loyal and valuable citizen’. He was released in April 1941, although restricted in his activities and denied recovery of legal costs.

With G. K. Hughes, Trikojus then developed a process for synthesising sulphaguanidine, a drug urgently required to treat the bacillary dysentery that was debilitating troops fighting the Japanese in Papua and New Guinea. Trikojus’s patriotism was evident when he ceded patent rights to Monsanto Ltd, who had refused production if a patent were pending. With colleagues he also developed mersalyl to aid the control of sepsis in wounds, suggested the use of merthiosal to prevent fungal growth on optical instruments in the tropics, and facilitated the production of vitamin C.

In March 1943 Trikojus was appointed professor of biochemistry at the University of Melbourne, where he devoted much energy to developing the pre-eminent Russell Grimwade School of Biochemistry, and continued research on the breakdown of thyroglobulin. In 1948 he and F. J. R. Hird had first identified triiodothyronine (T3), the major active molecule of thyroid metabolism, a discovery generally attributed to Rosalind Pitt-Rivers, who had seen their paper but omitted mention of it. Trikojus’ integration of organic chemistry and biochemistry, and his identification of links to other disciplines, was seminal. He was a foundation member (1955), chairman (1956), and honorary life member (1964) of the Australian Biochemical Society and a fellow (1954), and vice-president (1964-66) of the Australian Academy of Science.

Beyond his own work, Trikojus helped to transform the focus of his university from that of an undergraduate teaching institution to a place of research, postgraduate education and international exchange. He was Melbourne’s first professorial dean of graduate studies (1963-65) and a foundation member (1965-66) of the Australian Research Grants Committee. Serving on committees directed to the safe labelling of foods, the control of harmful substances and the promotion of necessary additives, he influenced many advances in human health in Australia. A true internationalist, he worked for the United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Organization and the International Union of Biochemistry, being elected to the council of the latter in 1967.

Trikojus was a ‘god-professor’, unfailingly courteous, if hierarchical, and exercising a natural authority and compassionate paternalism. On retirement in 1968, he was made an honorary research professor. He was appointed CBE (1971) and in 1982 a lecture theatre at Melbourne was named after him. Suffering Parkinson’s disease in his later years, Victor Trikojus died on 27 January 1985 at Kew and was cremated. He was survived by his daughter and son. A portrait by Louis Kahan is held by the university

Birth of a son
#2
Maurice TRIKOJUS
about 1906
Citation details: 575/1906 TRIKOJUS MAURICE MARTIN A CHARLOTTE J SYDNEY
Birth of a daughter
#3
Bertha TRIKOJUS
about 1908
Citation details: 31871/1908 TRIKOJUS BERTHA MARTIN A CHARLOTTE J SYDNEY
Occupation
Hairdresser and tobacconist
1911
Citation details: 26 August 1911, page 13.
Trikojus - Martin A - Funeral Notice
Trikojus - Martin A - Funeral Notice

Note: Downloaded from Trove.

Residence 1911
Address: 150 William Street
Citation details: 26 August 1911, page 13.
Trikojus - Martin A - Funeral Notice
Trikojus - Martin A - Funeral Notice

Note: Downloaded from Trove.

Death August 25, 1911
Cause of death: Pneumonia
Citation details: 8652/1911 TRIKOJUS MARTIN A HENRIETTA SYDNEY
Citation details: 26 August 1911, page 13.
Trikojus - Martin A - Funeral Notice
Trikojus - Martin A - Funeral Notice

Note: Downloaded from Trove.

Publication: Sydney, NSW, Australia. Fairfax Ltd.
Citation details: 26 August 1911, page 14
Trikojus - Martin A - Death Notice
Trikojus - Martin A - Death Notice

Note: Downloaded from Trove.

Burial August 26, 1911 (1 day after death)
Cemetery: Waverley General
Citation details: 26 August 1911, page 13.
Trikojus - Martin A - Funeral Notice
Trikojus - Martin A - Funeral Notice

Note: Downloaded from Trove.

Family with parents - View this family
father
mother
Marriage: about 1887Sydney, , New South Wales, Australia
2 years
sister
sister
himself
Family with Charlotte DREW - View this family
himself
wife
Marriage: July 11, 1901Sydney, , New South Wales, Australia
7 months
son
5 years
son
Maurice TRIKOJUS
Birth: about 1906 26Sydney, , New South Wales, Australia
Death: about 1979New South Wales, Australia
3 years
daughter
Andrew J MACPHERSON + Charlotte DREW - View this family
wife’s husband
wife
Marriage: about 1922St. Leonards, , New South Wales, Australia
16 months
step-daughter

MarriageT - Marriages Registered in New South Wales
Citation details: 5444/1901 TRIKOJUS MARTIN A THOMPSON CHARLOTTE J SYDNEY
MarriageEmails - David Hind
Citation details: 10 June 2014
Text:

In part:

"She stated her age as 21 on the first certificate which ties in with a marriage date of 11 July 1901"

OccupationNewspaper - Sydney Morning Herald - Funeral Notices
Citation details: 26 August 1911, page 13.
Trikojus - Martin A - Funeral Notice
Trikojus - Martin A - Funeral Notice

Note: Downloaded from Trove.

ResidenceNewspaper - Sydney Morning Herald - Funeral Notices
Citation details: 26 August 1911, page 13.
Trikojus - Martin A - Funeral Notice
Trikojus - Martin A - Funeral Notice

Note: Downloaded from Trove.

DeathT - Deaths Registered in New South Wales
Citation details: 8652/1911 TRIKOJUS MARTIN A HENRIETTA SYDNEY
DeathNewspaper - Sydney Morning Herald - Funeral Notices
Citation details: 26 August 1911, page 13.
Trikojus - Martin A - Funeral Notice
Trikojus - Martin A - Funeral Notice

Note: Downloaded from Trove.

DeathNewspaper - Sydney Morning Herald - Death Notices
Publication: Sydney, NSW, Australia. Fairfax Ltd.
Citation details: 26 August 1911, page 14
Trikojus - Martin A - Death Notice
Trikojus - Martin A - Death Notice

Note: Downloaded from Trove.

BurialNewspaper - Sydney Morning Herald - Funeral Notices
Citation details: 26 August 1911, page 13.
Trikojus - Martin A - Funeral Notice
Trikojus - Martin A - Funeral Notice

Note: Downloaded from Trove.