Mid North Coast Pioneers - Newcastle to Lismore and beyond

Pioneer

Christopher LEANAge: 70 years18161886

Name
Christopher LEAN
Given names
Christopher
Surname
LEAN
Birth January 5, 1816
Publication: Manning Wallamba Family History Society Inc; Taree, NSW;2004
Citation details: 974
Marriage of a siblingRobert LEANLydia BOSANQUOView this family
before August 31, 1837 (Age 21 years)
Publication: Manning Wallamba Family History Society Inc; Taree, NSW;2004
Citation details: 977
Immigration April 4, 1839 (Age 23 years)
Publication: Manning Wallamba Family History Society Inc; Taree, NSW;2004
Citation details: 974
Note: Arrived on board the "Orient".
Marriage of a siblingGeorge LEANElizabeth Carew BONDView this family
before September 1841 (Age 25 years)
Publication: Manning Wallamba Family History Society Inc; Taree, NSW;2004
Citation details: 976
Death of a brotherGeorge LEAN
February 22, 1856 (Age 40 years)
Publication: Manning Wallamba Family History Society Inc; Taree, NSW;2004
Citation details: 976
Citation details: LEAN GEORGE 2023/1856 AGE 41 YEARS DIED DUNGOG DUNGOG
Quality of data: primary evidence
MarriageEliza CLARKView this family
October 22, 1859 (Age 43 years)
Publication: Manning Wallamba Family History Society Inc; Taree, NSW;2004
Citation details: 974
Citation details: 1822/1859 LEAN CHRISTOPHER CLARK ELIZA GOSSIP DUNGOG
Birth of a son
#1
Christopher LEAN
July 1861 (Age 45 years)
Publication: Manning Wallamba Family History Society Inc; Taree, NSW;2004
Citation details: 974
Citation details: 7162/1861 LEAN CHRISTOPHER CHRISTOPHER ELIZA DUNGOG
Birth of a son
#2
William LEAN
April 22, 1863 (Age 47 years)
Citation details: 7373/1863 LEAN WILLIAM CHRISTOPHER ELIZA DUNGOG
Publication: Manning Wallamba Family History Society Inc; Taree, NSW;2004
Citation details: 974
Birth of a son
#3
Richard LEAN
June 25, 1865 (Age 49 years)
Publication: Manning Wallamba Family History Society Inc; Taree, NSW;2004
Citation details: 974
Citation details: 8378/1865 LEAN RICHARD CHRISTOPHER ELIZA DUNGOG
Birth of a son
#4
John LEAN
September 6, 1867 (Age 51 years)
Publication: Manning Wallamba Family History Society Inc; Taree, NSW;2004
Citation details: 974
Citation details: 8920/1867 LEAN JOHN CHRISTOPHER ELIZA DUNGOG
Death of a sonChristopher LEAN
November 18, 1868 (Age 52 years)
Publication: Manning Wallamba Family History Society Inc; Taree, NSW;2004
Citation details: 974
Citation details: 3945/1868 LEAN CHRISTOPHER CHRISTOPHER ELIZA DUNGOG
Birth of a daughter
#5
Emmeline LEAN
August 22, 1869 (Age 53 years)
Publication: Manning Wallamba Family History Society Inc; Taree, NSW;2004
Citation details: 974
Citation details: 10293/1869 LEAN EMMELINE CHRISTOPHER ELIZA DUNGOG
Birth of a son
#6
Christopher LEAN
June 19, 1872 (Age 56 years)
Publication: Manning Wallamba Family History Society Inc; Taree, NSW;2004
Citation details: 974
Citation details: 9568/1872 LEAN CHRISTOPHER CHRISTOPHER ELIZA DUNGOG
Birth of a son
#7
Robert LEAN
August 6, 1874 (Age 58 years)
Publication: Manning Wallamba Family History Society Inc; Taree, NSW;2004
Citation details: 974
Citation details: 10351/1874 LEAN ROBERT CHRISTOPHER ELIZA DUNGOG
Birth of a son
#8
George LEAN
August 27, 1876 (Age 60 years)
Publication: Manning Wallamba Family History Society Inc; Taree, NSW;2004
Citation details: 974
Citation details: 11028/1876 LEAN GEORGE CHRISTOPHER ELIZA DUNGOG
Publication: Word document attached to email
Birth of a child
#9
Unnamed LEAN
about 1878 (Age 61 years)
Citation details: 12150/1878 LEAN UNNAMED CHRISTOPHER ELIZA DUNGOG
Death of a childUnnamed LEAN
about 1878 (Age 61 years)
Citation details: 5655/1878 LEAN UNKNOWN CHRISTOPHER ELIZA DUNGOG
Birth of a daughter
#10
Agnes LEAN
December 25, 1879 (Age 63 years)
Citation details: 13627/1880 LEAN AGNES CHRISTOPHER ELIZA DUNGOG
Publication: Manning Wallamba Family History Society Inc; Taree, NSW;2004
Citation details: 974
Publication: Word document attached to email
Occupation
Farmer

Employer: With brother George
Publication: A History in Three Rivers Dungog Shire Heritage Study Thematic History April 2012 Michael Williams
Text:

"The brothers George and Christopher Lean provide an example of smaller settlers working without convict labour when they acquired land in Fosterton. The new land is described as ‘wild forest’ which they cleared during the 1840s with slash and burn techniques and where they built a cottage. Farming required much effort as only after several years were the many roots and stumps laboriously burnt out and cultivation became easier. Christopher describes how the early choices in crops became narrower:

"Our principal crop was Maize, although in those days we also grew Wheat and Tobacco, but these crops both failed, the wheat being destroyed by Rust, and the tobacco by a fungus… We now confine ourselves to maize as being the safest and most profitable crop …""

"The Lean family at Fosterton was one that benefited from the Dungog cornflour mill. By the 1880s they had built Figtree House, ‘a brick cottage containing nine rooms with a large cellar …’ Their vineyard produced 900 gallons a year at 5/- a gallon and there were orange and apple orchards.51 In 1882, Christopher wrote that it cost him 25/- to break a horse, and that he had 400 bushels of corn unsold. Six loads of maize went to J Wade’s mill was at 5/- per bushel, and a few months later he wrote that ‘Wade is giving 4/6 delivered at the Mill’.52 Later again he reported the wheat crop was ruined by rain but that the grass for cattle was good.53 By 1884, prices for corn had dropped even more, from 4/- to 3/9 delivered and that Wade planned to stop buying at the end of the month.

It is interesting to note that Christopher Lean is continuing to try and grow wheat at a time when many report it had already ceased to be a viable crop in the Dungog district.55 Others, it seems, also made efforts to try new crops, and some mention is made of attempts in the 1890s to grow and process arrowroot in the Williams Valley, but this was of limited success, while Paterson growers seem to have also tried this crop as early as 1865."

OccupationGeorge LEAN

Death December 14, 1886 (Age 70 years)
Publication: Manning Wallamba Family History Society Inc; Taree, NSW;2004
Citation details: 974
Citation details: 9316/1886 LEAN CHRISTOPHER RICHARD DIED DUNGOG DUNGOG
Quality of data: primary evidence
Note: The headstone for Christopher includes the information that he was 67 years of age at the time of his death.
Burial
Cemetery: Dungog General
Religion: Church of England
Publication: Manning Wallamba Family History Society Inc; Taree, NSW;2004
Citation details: 974
Lean - Christopher and Eliza
Lean - Christopher and Eliza

Note: Image kindly made available by the volunteers at Australian Cemeteries Index.

Family with parents - View this family
father
mother
Marriage:
elder brother
6 years
elder brother
10 months
himself
Family with Eliza CLARK - View this family
himself
wife
Marriage: October 22, 1859Dungog, , New South Wales, Australia
21 months
son
Christopher LEAN
Birth: July 1861 45 21Fosterton, , New South Wales, Australia
Death: November 18, 1868Dungog, , New South Wales, Australia
22 months
son
2 years
son
2 years
son
2 years
daughter
Emmeline LEAN
Birth: August 22, 1869 53 29Fosterton, , New South Wales, Australia
Death: about 1939Manly, , New South Wales, Australia
3 years
son
2 years
son
2 years
son
George LEAN
Birth: August 27, 1876 60 36Fosterton, , New South Wales, Australia
Death: March 10, 1913Newtown, , New South Wales, Australia
2 years
child
Unnamed LEAN
Birth: about 1878 61 37Dungog, , New South Wales, Australia
Death: about 1878Dungog, , New South Wales, Australia
2 years
daughter
Agnes LEAN
Birth: December 25, 1879 63 39Fosterton, , New South Wales, Australia
Death: September 16, 1946Manly, , New South Wales, Australia

BirthPre 1860 Pioneer Register - Book 2
Publication: Manning Wallamba Family History Society Inc; Taree, NSW;2004
Citation details: 974
ImmigrationPre 1860 Pioneer Register - Book 2
Publication: Manning Wallamba Family History Society Inc; Taree, NSW;2004
Citation details: 974
MarriagePre 1860 Pioneer Register - Book 2
Publication: Manning Wallamba Family History Society Inc; Taree, NSW;2004
Citation details: 974
MarriageL - Marriages Registered in New South Wales
Citation details: 1822/1859 LEAN CHRISTOPHER CLARK ELIZA GOSSIP DUNGOG
OccupationA History of Three Rivers
Publication: A History in Three Rivers Dungog Shire Heritage Study Thematic History April 2012 Michael Williams
Text:

"The brothers George and Christopher Lean provide an example of smaller settlers working without convict labour when they acquired land in Fosterton. The new land is described as ‘wild forest’ which they cleared during the 1840s with slash and burn techniques and where they built a cottage. Farming required much effort as only after several years were the many roots and stumps laboriously burnt out and cultivation became easier. Christopher describes how the early choices in crops became narrower:

"Our principal crop was Maize, although in those days we also grew Wheat and Tobacco, but these crops both failed, the wheat being destroyed by Rust, and the tobacco by a fungus… We now confine ourselves to maize as being the safest and most profitable crop …""

"The Lean family at Fosterton was one that benefited from the Dungog cornflour mill. By the 1880s they had built Figtree House, ‘a brick cottage containing nine rooms with a large cellar …’ Their vineyard produced 900 gallons a year at 5/- a gallon and there were orange and apple orchards.51 In 1882, Christopher wrote that it cost him 25/- to break a horse, and that he had 400 bushels of corn unsold. Six loads of maize went to J Wade’s mill was at 5/- per bushel, and a few months later he wrote that ‘Wade is giving 4/6 delivered at the Mill’.52 Later again he reported the wheat crop was ruined by rain but that the grass for cattle was good.53 By 1884, prices for corn had dropped even more, from 4/- to 3/9 delivered and that Wade planned to stop buying at the end of the month.

It is interesting to note that Christopher Lean is continuing to try and grow wheat at a time when many report it had already ceased to be a viable crop in the Dungog district.55 Others, it seems, also made efforts to try new crops, and some mention is made of attempts in the 1890s to grow and process arrowroot in the Williams Valley, but this was of limited success, while Paterson growers seem to have also tried this crop as early as 1865."

DeathPre 1860 Pioneer Register - Book 2
Publication: Manning Wallamba Family History Society Inc; Taree, NSW;2004
Citation details: 974
DeathL - Deaths Registered in New South Wales
Citation details: 9316/1886 LEAN CHRISTOPHER RICHARD DIED DUNGOG DUNGOG
Quality of data: primary evidence
DeathHeadstone - Lean - Christopher and Eliza
BurialPre 1860 Pioneer Register - Book 2
Publication: Manning Wallamba Family History Society Inc; Taree, NSW;2004
Citation details: 974